and of course, Wikipedia and Wikimedia, for providing copyright free photos and valuable information.
TV and Movies:
BBC One – Planet of the Apemen: Battle for Earth
Discovery Channel – How Beer Saved The World
10,000 BC (Just kidding!)
Books and Journal Articles:
Antón, Susan. “Natural history of Homo erectus”. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology46 (2003) 126–170.
Burenhult, Göran et al., People of the Stone Age: Hunter-Gatherers and Early Farmers. Hong Kong: HarperSanFrancisco, 1993.
Day, Michael. Guide to Fossil Man. Great Britain: University of Chicago, 1993.
de Grolier, Eric. Glossogenetics: The origin and evolution of language. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1983.
Insoll, Timoth. Archaeology, Ritual, Religion. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Kramer, Samuel Noah. History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.
Roebroeks, Wil et al., “Use of red ochre by early Neandertals,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (2012): 6
Rosas, Antonio et al., “Paleobiology and comparative morphology of a late Neandertal sample from El Sidrón, Asturias, Spain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (2006): 51
Solecki, Ralph. “A Ritual Middle Paleolithic Deer Burial at Nahr Ibrahim Cave, Lebanon,” Archeologie au Levant 12 (1982): 9
Stringer, Chris. African Exodus: The origins of modern humanity. New York: Holt Paperback, 1998.
van Doren Stern, Philip. Prehistoric Europe: From Stone Age Man to the Early Greeks. New York:  W.W Norton and Company Inc, 1969.
Wunn, I. Cave bear worship in the Palaeolithic, Xeoloxico de Laxe Coruna. 2001  vol 26 pp457-463

A brief note about Wikipedia:
It’s a great resource, seriously. But in doing my research for the last few chapters, I found that overwhelmingly the dates are wrong, wrong, wrong. And that other websites picked up on those dates and used them for their own citations. And no doubt, high school and college essays did as well. Be careful podcastorians! Use a book!
TV and Movies:
Legacy: The Origins of Civilization
Books and Journal Articles:
Ascalone, Enrico. Mesopotamia: Assyrians, Sumerians, Babylonians.
Assyrian International News Agency. The Epic of Gilgamesh.
Berkeley: University of California Press. 2007
Barton, George A. “A New Inscription of Entemena.” Journal of the American Oriental Society. Vol 51, No.3, 1931: 262-265
Gabriel, R. and Metz, K. “The Evolution of Warfare and Weapons.” Professional Readings in Military Strategy. No. 5 1992. U.S. Army War College.
Gardner, John. Gilgamesh. New York: Random House, 1985.
George, Andrew (trans.). The Epic of Gilgamesh. London: Penguin Books, 1999.
Kramer, Samuel. History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.
Kramer, Samuel. The Sumerians: Their History, Culture and Character. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.
Kuhrt, Amelie. The Ancient Near East, c.3000-330 BC, Volume 1. London: Routledge Press, 1995.
Oppenheim, A. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. Princeton: University Press, 1969.
Reade, Julian. Mesopotamia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1991.
Saggs, HWF. Babylonians. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2000.
Van de Mieroop, M. King Hammurabi of Babylon. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.

Concerning the dates: I based my dates on the ones Toby Wilkinson provided in his book. I found them to be much more accurately researched then what was presented on most websites, specifically Wikipedia. For much of the early history of Egypt, dates can fluctuate wildly, but by the New Kingdom, dates can be precisely known.
TV and Movies:
 Engineering an Empire: Egypt
Lost Civilizations: Egypt
Decisive Battles: Battle of Kadesh
Breasted, James Henry. A History of Egypt. New York: C.Scribner’s Sons. 1912.
Brugsch, Heinrich Karl. Egypt Under the Pharaohs. London: John Murray. 1891.
Bryce, Trevor. The Kingdom of the Hittites. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Edwards, I.E.S. The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume II Part II Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Herodotus. The Histories, Revised. London: Penguin Books, 2003. 
Kemp, Barry. Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization. London: Routledge. 1991.
Mertz, Barbara. Temples, Tombs and Hieroglyphs. New York: HarperCollins. 1964.
Strouhal, Eugen. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. London: Univ. of Oklahoma, 1992.
Tyldesley, Joyce. Ramesses: Egypt’s Greatest Pharaoh. London: Penguin Books, 2000.
Wilkinson, Toby. The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt. London: Bloomsbury. 2010.
Wells, Evelyn. Hatshepsut. New York: Doubleday. 1969.

Websites:  – I used this site for my bible references because it provides each verse through different translations, and an easy to search format. Very helpful! – I can’t gush enough about how much I love this site. Who knew Lego figurines could be so violent or so naughty? Amazing for illustrating the Bible (even the parts that contradict the other parts), and I frequently found myself checking it for visual reference.
Anati, Emmanuel. Palestine Before the Hebrews. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1962
Edwards, I.E.S. The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume II Part II Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Isserlin, B.S.J. The Israelites. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. 2001.
Josephus. (translated by Whiston, William) The New Complete Works of Josephus. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications. 1999.
Kent, Charles Foster. History of the Hebrew People. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1922.
Kirsch, Jonathon. Moses: A Life. New York: Ballantine Books. 1998.
Miller, J. Maxwell & Hayes, John H. A History of Ancient Israel and Judah. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. 2006.
Rogers, Robert William. A History of Babylonia and Assyria. New York: The Abingdon Press. 1915.
and of course, The Old Testament of the Bible written by ???

Abbot, Jacob. Cyrus, The Great. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1878.
Alsop, Joseph. From the Silent Earth: A Report on the Greek Bronze Age.  New York: Harper & Row, 1964.
Aristotle – Athenian Democracy.
Arrian – Anabasis Alexandri
Boardman, John. The Cambridge Ancient History vol.3-6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Burn, A.R. The Penguin History of Greece. England: Penguin Books, 1985.
Ctesias – Persica.
Diogenes Laertius – Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers.
Hawkes, Jacquetta. The World of the Past vol. 2. New York: Touchstone, 1963.
Herodotus. The Histories, Revised. London: Penguin Books, 2003. 
Kuhrt, Amelie. The Persian Empire, Volume 1. New York: Routledge, 2007.
Olmstead, A.T. History of the Persian Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959.
Polyaenus – Strategems.
Pomeroy, Sarah. Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Plato – The Republic, The Seventh Letter, etc.
Plutarch – Lives
Thucydides – The Peloponnesian War
Wiesehöfer, Josef. Ancient Persia. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2001.
Williams, Henry Smith. The Historians’ History of the World: Prolegomena. New York: J.J. Little & Co., 1904.
Wood, Michael. In Search of the Trojan War. New York: Facts on File, 1985.
Xenophon (assorted works)

Basham, A.L. The Wonder that was India. India: Picador, 2004.
Bauer, Susan Wise. The History of the Ancient World. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2007.
Bhargava, Purushottam Lal. Chandragupta Maurya. Lucknow: The Upper India Publishing House, 1935.
Keay, John. India: A History. New York: Grove Press,2010.
Mookerji, Radhakamud. Chandragupta Maurya and his Times. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1988.
Rapson, E.J. Cambridge History of India vol.1. Cambridge: University Press, 1922.
Se, Sailendra Nath. Ancient Indian History and Civilization. India: New Age International, 1999.
Smith, V.A. The Early History of India vol.2. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1914.
Thapur, Romila. Asoka and the Decline of the Maurya. Oxford: University Press, 1997.
Thapur, Romila. The Penguin History of Early India. New York: Penguin Books, 2002.
Ven S. Dhammika. The Edicts of King Asoka. Buddhist Publication Society, 1993.

Cotterell, Arthur. China: A Cultural History. New York: Mentor Series, 1990.
Fairbank, John King. China: A New History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Hucker, Charles. China to 1850: A Short History. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1978.
Keay, John. China: A History. New York: Basic Books, 2009.
Lao Tzu. Tao Te Ching. London: Penguin Classics, 1963.
Legge, James (translation). Shu King – Book of Historical Documents. USA: Kessinger Publishing, 2010.
Lowe, Michael. The Cambridge History of Ancient China. USA: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Roberts, J.A.G. The Complete History of China. Great Britain: Sutton Publishing, 2003.
Qian, Sima, Nienhauser, William (translation). The Grand Scribe’s Records volume 1&7. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Clark, J. Desmond. The Cambridge History of Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Church, Alfred. Carthage: The Empire of Africa. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1886.
Diodorus Siculus (Translated by C.H. Oldfather). Library of History. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press, 1935.
Herodotus. The Histories, Revised. London: Penguin Books, 2003. 
Marcus Junianus Justinus a.k.a. Justin (Translated by Rev. John Selby Watson). Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853.
Miles, Richard. Carthage Must Be Destroyed. New York: Viking, 2010.
Smith, Reginald. Carthage and the Carthaginians. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1878
Walbank, F.W. The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume VII Part I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.


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